The EU, as one of the leading global actors, is seeking to contribute to global policy development, knowledge sharing, coordination and learning. The EU is an active contributor to global forums, such as the Global Counter Terrorism Forum, as well as through the UN and in partnership with other multi-lateral bodies.
- The IcSP has launched a global CVE programme (5 M€) that has been implemented from early 2015 with the Hedayah Centre in Abu Dhabi
- The IcSP also supports (2 M€) to the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF) which was established in 2014.
Building capacity for integrated approaches to CT and CVE
The EU approach to Counter Terrorism capacity building is to promote criminal justice/rule of law and law enforcement while respecting human rights as well as to support prevention measures such as counter-radicalisation and terrorist financing. The EU engagement on CT is growing in political importance, geographic scope and monetary terms including through actions implemented by the IcSP. The different strands of the IcSP Counter Terrorism work follow this logic and focus on capacity building of law enforcement and judiciary agencies, countering violent extremism and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (CFT).
However, it is increasingly one of the main principles of the European Union (EU) that neither internal nor external security can be achieved in isolation from development objectives and that a greater number of EU instruments need to be harnessed in the fight against terrorism, its root causes and its drivers. This has been consistently stated by the Council including in the 2015 Council Conclusions on count-terrorism, the 2015 Council Conclusions on Counter-Terrorism, 2011 Council Conclusions on enhancing the links between internal and external aspects of counter-terrorism, the 2005 EU Counter-Terrorism Strategy, and the 2004 European Council Declaration on Combating Terrorism, which all call for counter-terrorist objectives to be heightened, enhanced, and better integrated into external assistance programmes.
As a consequence, in the last 15 years, there has been a gradual expansion of EU development and other cooperation policies into security-related areas such as counter-terrorism, and this is likely to grow still further. The 2015 Council Conclusions on Counter-Terrorism concluded that, ‘The EU will mitigate terrorist and stability threats through its comprehensive approach combining diplomatic, socio-economic, development, conflict prevention, peacebuilding and crisis management tools.’ As such, there has been a great effort to understand and maximise the coherence and complementarity between the EU’s different instruments and capabilities, including the European Development Fund (EDF) and the military and civilian capacities of the EU Member States (MS), and to understand how actions under these instruments can be appropriately utilised to support objectives in CT and Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), either directly or indirectly.
Through CT MORSE and other initiatives, the IcSP is also working to improve the capabilities of EU staff in developing CT and CVE specific interventions, using existing and future development efforts, and other cooperation instruments. This is being developed by:
- A series of thematic trainings on CVE that are being conducted for EU Delegations and partners in Africa, Middle East and Asia.
- The development of specific tools and guidance documents on CT and CVE programming.
See our work in other regions.